2017 Course Schedule
|Cave and Karst Field Mapping and Cartography||June 4-9||Dr. Pat Kambesis|
|Applied Karst Hydrogeology||June 12 - 16||Mrs. Lee Anne Bledsoe and Dr. Chris Groves|
Karst Geology is a field course that introduces the basics of karst and cave origin, with emphasis on geologic controls, interpretation, and field methods. Treatment of these subjects begins at an introductory level but quickly moves on to the level at which students are able to recognize and interpret karst geology on their own. Detailed topics include karst features and their origin, their geologic setting, hydrologic and chemical processes by which they form, geologic history of the Mammoth Cave region, how to interpret past conditions from karst features, and applications to practical problems. The course consists of classroom presentations and discussions, combined with field trips to surface and underground sites in and around Mammoth Cave National Park. The course is available as a workshop, or for credit (either undergraduate or graduate). For those taking the course for credit, a two-week field project and written report are required by September 15 following the course. A prior course in geology is recommended but not required. This course is held at the Hamilton Valley Research Facility near Mammoth Cave National Park. The objectives of this course are to introduce students to the full variety of karst and cave features and to the methods by which they can be interpreted. Although field work is focused on Mammoth Cave and vicinity, illustrated discussions will cover caves and karst of different types throughout the world. At the end of the course, students will be familiar with the main concepts of how caves and karst relate to their geologic setting and what they tell us about the regional geologic history. They will also be familiar with field techniques and technical criteria for distinguishing among the various types of cave origin and karst processes.
Instructor: Dr. Art Palmer
Arthur N. Palmer Bio: Arthur N. Palmer is former director (now retired) of the Water Resources program at the State University of New York at Oneonta and SUNY Distinguished Teaching Professor of Hydrology and Geochemistry, Emeritus. He has also received the SUNY Chancellor’s Award for Research. He received his undergraduate degree at Williams College and master’s and Ph.D. degrees from Indiana University. He and his wife Peggy have been involved with cave studies for several decades. They have done exploration, mapping, and geologic studies in many caves throughout North America, Europe, and China, with long-term projects in Mammoth Cave National Park, Kentucky, Wind Cave National Park and Jewel Cave National Monument, South Dakota, and Carlsbad Caverns National Park, New Mexico. They are both honorary members of the National Speleological Society (NSS). Art also received the Science Achievement Award from the NSS. He is a member of the Cave Research Foundation and British Cave Research Association, and a fellow of the Geological Society of America (GSA). In 1994 he received the Kirk Bryan Award for his GSA Bulletin article Origin and Morphology of Limestone Caves, and in 2004 he received the lifetime achievement award in karst from the Karst Waters Institute. Art is author of A Geological Guide to Mammoth Cave National Park, interpretive booklets on Jewel Cave and Wind Cave, South Dakota, co-editor of Speleogenesis - Evolution of Karst Aquifers, and author of many journal articles and book chapters on caves and karst. His latest book, Cave Geology, concerns the origin and interpretation of all cave types, including geologic, hydrologic, and chemical aspects, at a level that is accessible to readers with no technical scientific background, but which includes enough detail to be useful even to professionals in the field.
Cave and Karst Field Mapping and Cartography
This course focuses on the fundamentals of in-cave and karst field mapping, digital cartography, basic GIS, and the production of cartographic representations of caves and their overall relationship to surface topography, general geology and hydrogeology. Instruction will at the beginning and intermediate experience levels. Mornings will include lectures, demonstrations, and instruction on survey technique with a strong emphasis on recording field data and sketching. Afternoons will cover in-cave instruction and practice with field data collection, recording of data and producing representative sketches of cave passages and features in the context of geography, geology and hydrogeology. Evenings will cover all aspects of digital drafting, cartographic design, basic GIS and in transforming field notes into maps. By the end of the course, students will be able conduct basic cave/field mapping including in-cave sketching, transform survey data into line plots, construct and digitally draft cave maps, import data to GIS, and make overlays of cave data with digital topographic maps and Google Earth imagery. Throughout the course, participants will work with the course instructor to produce cave maps with some geologic/hydrogeologic context, and other derivative products from survey data. At the end of the course, students will select one of their class projects which will be submitted for assessment by an on-site panel of experienced surveyors and cartographers who will provide constructional critiques of the maps produced by the students. Participants must be in reasonably good physical condition to negotiate the cave passages and surface hikes which are a major component of this course. The course will take place at Hamilton Valley Field Station located just outside of Mammoth Cave National Park.
Instructor: Dr. Pat Kambesis
Dr. Pat Kambesis
Applied Karst Hydrogeology
Applied Karst Hydrogeology is a field course that introduces the basics of karst hydrogeology with an emphasis on methods and techniques relevant to addressing environmental problems. Topics covered in daily presentations and discussion will include an introduction of the karst hydrogeology of the Mammoth Cave region, karst hydrology/aquifer systems, karst geochemistry, groundwater tracing and monitoring, near-surface geophysics and applications of these methods to karst groundwater problems. Field exercises will include surface and cave trips with a particular focus on ‘hands-on’ instruction in qualitative and quantitative dye tracing, groundwater monitoring, and geophysics. This course will be held at the Cave Research Foundation’s Hamilton Valley Research Station near Mammoth Cave National Park and although fieldwork will focus in the Park area, discussion about urban karst environmental problems will include a field trip to nearby Bowling Green, Kentucky. This course is available as a workshop or for credit (undergraduate or graduate). Participants must be in good physical condition to negotiate the cave passages and surface hikes which are a major component of this course. Students who take the course for credit will develop an independent research project in consultation with the instructors during the week, which must be completed by September 2017.
Instructor: Dr. Chris Groves
Chris Groves is University Distinguished Professor of Hydrogeology at Western Kentucky University where he directs the Crawford Hydrology Lab there. He received a PhD in Environmental Sciences at the University of Virginia, and has since developed an active international research program in hydrogeology, geochemistry and water resources, with karst fieldwork in 25 countries. He has been particularly active in the extensive karst region of rural southwest China, having now made 36 trips. In January 2017 Groves received the China International Science and Technology Cooperation Award, that country’s highest honor for foreign scientists, from China’s President Xi Jinping. Groves has served as co-Leader for several karst-related United Nations scientific programs, including IGCP/SIDA598 “Environmental Change and Sustainability of Karst Systems” from 2011-2016. He also serves on the Governing Board of the International Research Center on Karst Under the Auspices of UNESCO. He is an Associate Editor of Hydrogeology Journal, and has published in the field’s leading journals, including Groundwater, Water Resources Research, Journal of Hydrology, and Geomorphology. For many years, Groves has studied and explored of the caves and surface landscapes of Mammoth Cave National Park. This has included service as an expedition leader, Member of the Board of Directors, and President of the Cave Research Foundation. He hitchhiked to the cave in 1981 to take Art Palmer’s Karst Geology class, and is still here.
Instructor: Mrs. Lee Anne Bledsoe
Ms. Bledsoe is the manager for the Crawford Hydrology Laboratory. During her nine years with CHL, she has worked on dye traces for groundwater basin mapping, effluent and sewer pipe break investigations, dam leaks, landfill expansions, determining groundwater flow routes from factories and quarries, and determining spring recharge areas for projects across the U.S. as well as China, Jamaica, and Brazil. She provides professional consultation and project management, as well as supervises all daily workings of the lab, including laboratory analysis, QA/QC, and field work. Ms. Bledsoe also regularly leads training events, workshops, and webinars on groundwater investigations using fluorescent dye tracing. Before joining the Crawford team, she worked for private research institutes and the National Park Service on water quality, hydrology, ecosystem restoration, and public health research projects. She is a Registered Sanitarian with the Department of Public Health for the State of Kentucky and is a certified onsite wastewater disposal inspector. Ms. Bledsoe received her B.A. in Environmental Science from Tusculum College and completed a Master of Science in Geoscience at Western Kentucky University in Fall 2015. Her thesis work was a collaborative effort with the United States Army Corp of Engineers to investigate groundwater flow in the vicinity of Patoka Dam in Indiana to support dam safety risk assessment.